Wildlife Health

Wildlife co-exists alongside humans and domestic animals. Wildlife populates ecosystems across the planet, whether it be in the seas, or roaming freely across forests and savannahs. Native, invasive, or endangered, each species contributes to the balance of the ecosystem they live in. The health of wildlife is deeply entwined with the health of other animals, the environment and even humans. By protecting wildlife health, we safeguard biodiversity- and invest in a healthier, more sustainable future.

Guidelines for the development of the Regional Plan of Action of the Americas Region under the Wildlife Health Framework



‘protect wildlife health worldwide to achieve One Health’.

General Objective:

Anticipate, reduce, and manage the risk of spillover events between wildlife, livestock, and humans at the animal/human/environment interface.

To meet this general objective, two intermediate objectives:

  1. improve the ability of WOAH Members to manage the risk of pathogen emergence in wildlife and transmission at the human-animal-ecosystem interface, whilst taking into account the protection of wildlife.
  2. Support WOAH Members to improve surveillance systems, early detection, notification, and management of wildlife diseases, through good animal health and welfare practices in the management of wildlife trade and use.

Specific Objectives:

  1. Vamp the Regional Network for Wildlife NFP.
  2. Improve the knowledge of wildlife distribution in the Americas Region.
  3. Encourage Members to improve existing disease surveillance systems & Support Members in the improvement of detection systems for preventing future “spill-over events”.
  4. Support countries implementation of Standards and Guidelines on Wildlife Trade.

Actions to achieve the Specific Objectives:

  1. Organising meetings and workshops.
  2. Wildlife species distribution mapping – animal migrations.
  3. Mapping the existing Stakeholders in the Region.
  4. Encourage the creation of PPPs.
  5. Listing priority diseases for the Americas.
  6. Elaborating Case definitions.
  7. Mapping laboratories.
  8. Improving laboratory capacity.
  9. Promoting the creation of collaborating Centres & Reference laboratories in Central and South America.
  10. Risk Analysis – approach by disease/ by species.
  11. Epidemiological surveillance.
  12. Training in diagnostics, wildlife laboratory testing, sample collection and referral.
  13. Dissemination of WOAH’s standards, Guidelines and Manuals.
  14. Legislation assessment at national level.
  15. Scoping Wildlife health and related environmental factors in the PVS pathway (HQ consultancy for reference).
  16. Epidemiological Surveillance in Wet Markets.

This guidelines are in line with Wildlife Health Framework.


Training manuals

First Cycle

Training Manual on Wildlife Diseases and Surveillance

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Second Cycle

Training manual on surveillance and international reporting of diseases in wild animals

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Third Cycle

Training Manual on wildlife health risk assessment in support of decisions and policies

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Fourth Cycle

Training Manual Wildlife Disease Outbreak Investigations

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Fifth Cycle

Training Manual on Wildlife Health Information Management

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Sixth Cycle

Training Manual on Wildlife Health Information Management

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Risk Guidance on Reducing Spillback of Monkeypox Virus from Humans to Wildlife, Pet Animals and other Animals

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Avian influenza

Avian influenza and Wildlife Risk management for people working with wild birds

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Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Wildlife Disease - Risk Analysis

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Wildlife and COVID-19

Guidelines for Working with Free-Ranging Wild Mammals in the Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic

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Risk Analysis

Manual of Procedures for Wildlife Disease Risk Analysis

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Peste porcina africana en jabalíes Ecología y bioseguridad

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Disease cards

Disease cards

Information on diseases which are not listed by the WOAH, that can adversely affect wildlife conservation.

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